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1 INTEL OPTANE DC

With the exponential growth of data, distributed storage systems have become not only the heart, but also the bottleneck of data centers. High-latency data access, poor scalability, difficulty managing large datasets, and lack of query capabilities are just a few examples of common hurdles. Traditional storage systems have been designed for rotating media and for POSIX* input/output (I/O). These storage systems represent a key performance bottleneck, and they cannot evolve to support new data models and next-generation workflows.

The Convergence of HPC, Big Data, and AI
Storage requirements have continued to evolve, with the need to manipulate ever-growing datasets driving a further need to remove barriers between data and compute. Storage is no longer driven by traditional workloads with large streaming writes like checkpoint/restart, but is increasingly driven by complex I/O patterns from new storage pillars. High-performance data-analytics workloads are generating vast quantities of random reads and writes. Artificial-intelligence (AI) workloads are reading far more than traditional high-performance computing (HPC) workloads. Data streaming from instruments into an HPC cluster require better quality of service (QoS) to avoid data loss. Data-access time is now becoming as critical as write bandwidth. New storage semantics are required to query, analyze, filter, and transform datasets. A single storage platform in which next-generation workflows combine HPC, big data, and AI to exchange data and communicate is essential.

DAOS Software Stack
Intel has been building an entirely open source software ecosystem for data-centric computing, fully optimized for Intel® architecture and non-volatile memory (NVM) technologies, including Intel® Optane™ DC persistent memory and Intel Optane DC SSDs. Distributed Asynchronous Object Storage (DAOS) is the foundation of the Intel exascale storage stack. DAOS is an open source software-defined scale-out object store that provides high bandwidth, low latency, and high I/O operations per second (IOPS) storage containers to HPC applications. It enables next-generation data-centric workflows that combine simulation, data analytics, and AI.

DAOS architecture versus conventional storage systems
Unlike traditional storage stacks that were primarily designed for rotating media, DAOS is architected from the ground up to make use of new NVM technologies, and it is extremely lightweight because it operates end-to-end in user space with full operating system bypass. DAOS offers a shift away from an I/O model designed for block-based, high-latency storage to one that inherently supports fine-grained data access and unlocks the performance of next-generation storage technologies. Figure 1 presents an overview of the DAOS architecture in comparison with existing storage systems.Existing distributed storage systems use high-latency peer-to-peer communication, whereas DAOS is designed to use low-latency, high-message-rate user-space communications that bypass the operating system. Most storage systems today are designed for block I/O, where all I/O operations go through the Linux* kernel with a block interface. Much work has been done to optimize access to the block device (such as coalescing, buffering, and aggregation).

But all those optimizations are not relevant for the next-generation storage devices that Intel is targeting, and they will incur unnecessary overhead if used. DAOS, on the other hand, is designed to optimize access to Intel Optane DC persistent memory and NVM Express* (NVMe*) solid state drives (SSDs), and it eschews this unnecessary overhead. DAOS servers maintain their metadata on persistent memory, with bulk data going straight to NVMe SSDs. In addition, small I/O operations will be absorbed on the persistent memory before being aggregated and then migrated to the larger-capacity flash storage. DAOS uses the Persistent Memory Development Kit (PMDK) to provide transactional access to persistent memory and the Storage Performance Development Kit (SPDK) for user-space I/O to NVMe devices.1,2This architecture allows for data-access times that can be several orders of magnitude faster than in existing storage systems (microseconds [μs] versus milliseconds [ms]).

Application Interface and I/O Middleware Integration
The DAOS client library is designed to have a small footprint, to minimize noise on the compute nodes, and to support non-blocking operations with explicit progress. The DAOS operations are function-shipped to the DAOS storage servers using libfabrics* and OpenFabric Interface* (OFI*), taking advantage of any remote direct memory access (RDMA) capabilities in the fabric.In this new storage paradigm, POSIX is no longer the foundation for new data models. Instead, the POSIX interface is built as a library on top of the DAOS back-end API, like any other I/O middleware.

A POSIX namespace can be encapsulated in a container and mounted by an application into its file system tree. This application-private namespace will be accessible to any tasks of the application that successfully opened the container. Tools to parse the encapsulated namespace will be provided. Both the data and metadata of the encapsulated POSIX file system will be fully distributed across all the available storage with a progressive layout to help ensure both performance and resilience. In addition, the POSIX emulation features the following: scalable directory operations, scalable shared file I/O, scalable file-per-process I/O, and self-healing to recover from failed or corrupted storage.While most HPC I/O middleware could run transparently over a DAOS backend via the POSIX emulation layer, migrating I/O middleware libraries to support the DAOS API natively will take advantage of DAOS’s rich API and advanced features.

•POSIX FS: DAOS offers two operating modes for POSIX support. The first is for well-behaved applications that generate conflict-free operations for which a high level of concurrency is supported. The second mode is for applications that require stricter consistency at the cost of performance.

• MPI-I/O: A ROMIO* driver supports MPI-I/O on top of DAOS.
All applications or middleware I/O libraries that use MPI-I/O as their I/O backend can use that driver seamlessly on top of DAOS. The driver has been pushed upstream to the MPICH* repository. This driver is portable to other MPI implementations that use ROMIO as the I/O implementation for the MPI-IO standard. The DAOS MPI-IO driver is built directly over the DAOS API.

• HDF5: An HDF5 Virtual Object Layer (VOL) connector uses DAOS to implement the HDF5 data model. Applications that use HDF5 to represent and access their data can use the VOL plugin with minimal to no code changes with the existing HDF5 APIs to replace the traditional binary format in a POSIX file with a DAOS container. This connector implements the official HDF5 API with a native DAOS backend. Internally, the HDF5 library manages DAOS transactions and provides consistency from H5Fopen() to H5Fflush()/H5Fclose(). New features like asynchronous I/O, snapshot, and query/indexing are provided as API extensions.Additional HPC I/O middleware like Silo*, MDHIM*, and Dataspaces* can benefit from a native port over the DAOS API. Intel is also collaborating with other organizations (for example, weather forecasting) and industry leaders (such as in the entertainment industry, cloud, and oil and gas) to support new data models over DAOS.

Finally, Intel is looking into enabling DAOS in big data and analytics frameworks, and, more specifically, having a DAOS back end for Apache Arrow*. The Apache Arrow standard defines the data to be stored in columnar vectors to support data-analytics use cases. The purpose of this standard is to define a standard for other data-analytics systems like Apache Spark, Apache Thrift*, and Apache Avro*. Right now, each of these systems has its own format, but by using the common Apache Arrow format, there would be no need for serialization/deserialization of data to be shared between those systems. Apache Arrow is meant as a component to tightly integrate other big data and analytics systems. Apache Arrow also provides I/O APIs to store files on disk. At this time, this works on the Apache Hadoop* Distributed File System (HDFS*) in an Apache Hadoop ecosystem. A DAOS plugin for Apache Arrow that converted the Apache Arrow format in-memory to a DAOS container would make more applications suitable for an HPC system.

DAOS Deployment and RoadmapDAOS is available on GitHub* (https://github.com/daos-stack/) under the Apache 2.0* license. Instructions on how to install, configure, and administrate a DAOS installation are available in the DAOS admin guide (see https://daos.io/doc). A new DAOS version is planned every six months; check the DAOS roadmap for more information (https://daos.io/roadmap). Issues should be reported via https://jira.hpdd.intel.com, with a reproducer whenever applicable. A community mailing list is also available at https://daos.groups.io.

Conclusion
With ultra-low latency and fine-grained access to persistent storage, Intel Optane DC persistent memory represents a real opportunity to transform the industry and overcome the limitations of storage systems in data centers today. Intel Optane DC SSDs improve the solution further, bringing high IOPS and handling reads and writes concurrently without degradation. Existing distributed storage software, however, was not built for these new technologies, and it can mask the value the technologies provide. A complete rethink of the software storage stack is required to design a new solution from the ground up in order to throw off irrelevant optimizations designed for disk drives, embrace fine-grained and low-latency storage access with rich storage semantics, and unlock the potential of these revolutionary technologies for distributed storage.

HPE CRAY SUPERCOMPUTERS

Flexible Hardware Infrastructure
HPE Cray supercomputers support multiple processor architectures and accelerator options. Additionally, they are architected for forward compatibility with next-generation blades and servers. HPE Cray supercomputers are available in two configurationsFor increased density and efficiency, the HPE Cray EX liquid-cooled cabinetry supports all components' direct liquid cooling in a highly dense bladed configuration. These cabinets can support processors up to 500W, and highly dense configurations of up to 512 processors per cabinet.

HPE Cray supercomputers are also available in a standard 19-inch rack configuration with HPE Cray software and HPE Slingshot networking, including a 19-inch Top of Rack HPE Slingshot switch. The current compute platform for the standard rack solution is the HPE Apollo 2000 Gen10 Plus System.

Breakthrough Interconnect

HPE Cray supercomputers' revolutionary design features the HPE Slingshot interconnect and delivers a high-performing interconnect solution built on highradix, 64-port switches which enable scaling to hundreds of thousands of nodeswith only three hops in a Dragonfly topology. The 64-port switch provides 12.8 Tb/s of bandwidth. Each port operates at 200 Gb/s per direction and can provide an Ethernet edge or HPC fabric functionality.

Edge ports connect to supportedEthernet NIC or external routers at 100GbE or 200GbE. The HPE Slingshot switchis available in a liquid-cooled blade form factor for the HPE Cray EX infrastructure and in a 2U air-cooled form factor for standard 19-inch rack deployments. The internal switch logic is the same for both environments.

HPE Slingshot contains several innovative features to consistently deliver reliablehigh performance under heavy usage, including adaptive routing that sends packets dynamically based on real-time, global information on load inside thenetwork, and advanced congestion control mechanisms.

With a growing focus on data-centric computing and the convergence of AI and HPC workloads, interoperability has become an increasingly important consideration. HPE Slingshot is based on industry-standard Ethernet, which enables straightforwardconnectivity with standard datacenter environments.

Redesigned Software Stack


The HPE Cray supercomputer can maneuver the convergence of HPC, AI, and data analytics workloads, coupled with explosive data growth. Today's supercomputerswill have to handle exabytes of data in order to enable modern workloads to runin a productive, reliable, and expedient manner.

Built on decades of supercomputing expertise, the HPE Cray software stack addsthe productivity of cloud and data center interoperability to the power of supercomputing to bring you a new standard in manageability, reliability, availability, and resiliency. The stack provides a comprehensive HPE Cray System Management suite for administrators, a hardened low-jitter HPE Cray OS, as well as the HPE Cray Programming Environment software development toolchain for developers.

Integrated Storage Solution
Integrated with the HPE Cray supercomputers, the Cray ClusterStor E1000 StorageSystems is purpose-engineered to meet the demanding input/output requirements ofsupercomputers and HPC clusters in a very efficient way.

The parallel storage solution typically achieves the given HPC storage requirements with significantly fewer storage drives than alternative storageofferings, allowing HPC users with a fixed budget to spend more of their budgeton CPU/GPU compute nodes accelerating time-to-insight. 
 
 

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CLASSIC ARCHITECTURE

SUPER PRO SERIES HIGH QUALITY BUSINESS WORKSTATION WINDOWS 2000, LINUX, UNIX, ALPHA

With qUAD  Core Processor Configuration, Component Customizable Super Fast, Super Reliable,Low Profile, Very Attractive, High Performance 

The 3rd gen Intel Core processor family features Intel® Turbo Boost Technology1 2.0, delivering a burst of processor speed automatically when the workload demands additional performance and greater adaptability, and Intel® Hyper-Threading Technology1, allowing each processor core to work on two tasks at the same time, improving multitasking and speeding up the workflow.

Intel® Core™ i7 Processor ::Visibly Smart Performance at its Best.Top-of-the-line performance for the mostdemanding tasks.Intel® Core™ i5 Processor ::Visibly Smart Performance with a Boost.The visibly smart Intel® Core™ i5 processor deliversperformance that adapts to customized needsand stunning visuals.Intel® Core™ i3 Processor—A Visibly Smart Start.The visibly smart Intel® Core™ i3 processorprovides amazing multitasking performanceand stunning visuals.

Features built-invisuals with a suite of visual enhancements thatprovide everything needed to enjoy a smooth,seamless, stunning experience.Spend minutes rather than hours to edit, convert,and share videos. Adds a new dimensionto the viewing experience with 3-D. Unlocksa world of premium HD movies and content, viewing images and HD video the way they weremeant to be seen—sharper, smoother, and richer.Play top games with no extra hardwareneeded. The built-in visuals of the 3rd gen IntelCore processor eliminate the need for many ofthe functions provided by a discrete graphics card,reducing power consumption and system cost, top-of-the-line speed and our best desktopvisuals built in. With overclocking enabled, flexibility to set the system specs.Energy EfficientThe 3rd gen Intel Core processors provide optionsfor innovative system designs and enablemore energy-efficient platforms that can meetENERGY STAR*6 and other global environmental requirements.

Intel® Turbo Boost Technology1 2.0 Dynamically increases the processor's frequency as needed by taking advantage of thermal and power headroom to give a burst of speed when needed. Intel® Hyper-Threading Technology1 Delivers two processing threads per physical core. Highly threaded applications can get more work done in parallel, completing tasks sooner. Integrated Memory Controller An integrated memory controller offers stunning memory read/write performance through efficient prefetching algorithms, lower latency, and higher memory bandwidth. Built-In Visuals2 Intel® Quick Sync Video-Delivers fast conversion of video for portable media players, online sharing, and video editing and authoring. Intel® Clear Video HD—Visual quality and color fidelity enhancements for HD playback for a sharper, smoother, and richer picture. Intel® InTru™ 3D3-Stereoscopic 3-D Blu-ray* playback in full 1080p resolution over HDMI* 1.4 and premium audio. Intel® HD Graphics-Enhanced 3-D performance for immersive mainstream and casual gaming. Intel® Advanced Vector Extensions; A set of new instructions to improve software performance for floating point-intensive applications such as audio processing, audio codecs, and image and video editing applications. Intel® Smart Cache The shared cache is dynamically allocated to each processor core, based on workload. This significantly reduces latency, improving performance. AES New Instructions (AES-NI) New AES instructions add hardware acceleration to AES algorithms and speeds up the execution of AES applications. Intel® Virtualization Technology1 Allows one hardware platform to function as multiple “virtual” platforms. Offers improved manageability by limiting downtime and maintaining productivity by isolating computing activities into separate partitions. Thermal Solution for Boxed Processors Includes a four-pin connector for fan speed control to help minimize the acoustic noise levels generated from running the fan at higher speeds for thermal performance.

LEGACY

Intel The Quad-Core Intel® Xeon® processor 7300 series, based on the Intel® Core™ microarchitecture, scalable performance and best-in-class virtualization for server consolidation, Deluxe Full 3year Warranty* Intel Multi Pentium High End Xeon Specialty Server Motherboard*1GB MB Fast Dbl Eeprom SDRam or PC133 ECC Specialized * RAID 5 ConfiguredTerabyte Fibre Channel Ultra Fast Redundant Harddrives * Intel/Adaptec®Ultra Wide Controller with Specialty Long Life Cables Included * Deluxe MS/LogitechMouse, Ergonomic Keyboard and Mousepad with Pen and Tablet * 21" MultiscanHigh Performance Super Res Sam/Viewsonic® Flat Panel Display with WideView Capability and Superior ClearBright Color Enhancement * 1000 GB InternalBackup Device, Hewlett Packard * Dual High Quality Floppy 100+ MB Drives for Fast Copy * Read and Re-Writeable DVD Disc Drive with High End SpeakerSystem * 2nd Generation DVD * Soundblaster Stereo Wavetable Sound Card withSpeech Synthesis * 3D Enhanced 32/64MB High End Graphics Adapter AGP/PCIwith Fast SGRAM, Television Tuner System, Audio and Video Capability SoundSpecialized *Microphone Software and Speech Control Software * 56.6 VoiceFax/Modem, T1, DSL with FREE Internet Access for 1 Year * Game Pad and FlightJoystick with Flight Simulator Software * Ethernet Ready with 10/100 BaseT Compliancy * Sophisticated Voice Recognition Answering System Installedand Preconfigured * Super High Quality Video and Portable Digital Camerawith LCD Monitor * Serial Upgrade with 4 Extra Serial Ports * Dual ParallelEIDE Ports * 32 Bit True Color High Resolution Optical Flatbed Scanner withOCR Software and Editing Programs * Color High Resolution Inkjet/Laser HP®/Canon®/Epson®Printer with Cables and cartridges * Microsoft® Ergonomic Keyboard *Trackpad * Norton® Utilities© * Latest McAffee® Virus Protection* WinCheck Pro© * Quarterdeck Real Help© * Microsoft Office Professional/2001 with ACCESS, Bookshelf and Tutoring CDs * Hard Drive Expansion Utility* Microsoft® Game and Utilities Package * Encyclopedias * Graphics ArtsPrograms * Web Page Development Software * Business Management Software *Tools, Specialized Utilities * Money Mangement * Educational Games and MuchMore. System Includes Custom Backup Bootable CD with Custom Drivers Diskettefor Ease of Use and Quick Restore.
 

999.00to 9999.00

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